Each of the major state and federal agencies that enforce employment laws are empowered to conduct audits, investigations, or inspections to determine whether a worksite is in compliance. The frequency of these inspections, as well as their specific triggers, can vary by law and enforcing agency. OSHA, for example, targets businesses with the nation’s highest injury and illness rates (typically, high hazard employers in the construction and manufacturing industries), but can inspect any business at any time due to a random inspection program, an employee complaint, or a workplace accident. Other agencies, like the EEOC, are more reactive and only initiate an investigation upon receiving a complaint that is deemed to have merit. In general, your industry type, geographic locale, legal record, and number of employees are the primary predictors of the likelihood of being inspected, audited, or investigated. Retail establishments are generally more susceptible to wage and hour audits, while manufacturing plans are typically more likely to be inspected by OSHA.